What to do if I get corona infection.. When can I get vaccinated?

According to the latest data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, only 19% of US adults have chosen to get the shot, so many people who haven't received the latest dual covid vaccine have a problem. Experts say direct exposure to Covid may be enough of a trigger. Get vaccinated.

According to Professor Andrew Stanley Pecos: “If you're not getting the vaccine, this exposure may be the incentive to actually go out and get that vaccine.”

Can you get vaccinated immediately after being exposed to covid?

Covid vaccines work by delivering a protein or part of a protein to the immune system. Vaccines no longer infect people with the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes Covid-19, but instead help prepare the immune system for future exposures.

Almost all immune systems now have some recognition of SARS-CoV-2, whether through vaccination, infection or previous exposure, says Jesse Bragamonte, MD, a family physician at the Mayo Clinic in Phoenix. Because of this, any exposure can trigger an immune response. He used influenza as an example.

Does the body recognize a previous infection?

Bracamonte acknowledges that the body used to recognize earlier flu infections, “but now there are different strains, so your body needs a more precise response.” He points out that previous infection with older strains may trigger a small immune response, however, this response can be much greater with a recent vaccine that teaches the immune system to recognize current strains.

Do you vaccinate when you have the virus?

If your body has already started to cope with the effects of Covid, it is better to wait until you are sure that you are not infected with the disease. This period – from exposure to the appearance of symptoms – is called the incubation period of the virus. Studies have estimated an incubation period of 2-3 days for Omicron strains, including the new JN.1 strain.

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Beware of immunosuppression

Do not get vaccinated if you test positive for Covid. Not only do you run the risk of making people sick, but your immune system will be in a saturated state, meaning you won't get the best effect from the vaccine, Bragamonte said.

If you test negative and decide to get vaccinated immediately after exposure, your immune system will begin to respond and protect you from severe illness from that exposure, but it will take up to two weeks for your immune system to fully respond.

Why didn't I get covid despite being exposed?

This does not mean that you are already infected with the virus. There are many variables that affect whether a person develops the disease, including a person's stress, their diet, underlying medical problems, and the length of time they have been exposed to the virus. , and the amount of virus they had. A person sheds the virus when exposed to it.

All of these variables are different with each exposure, and not becoming infected after one exposure doesn't mean a person won't benefit from vaccination against future exposures, Bragamonte said.

Who is now a high priority for getting vaccinated?

According to Bracamonte, people with underlying medical conditions such as high blood pressure, obesity or diabetes, the elderly and smokers should consider getting the latest vaccination if they haven't already.

For healthy and young adults, “they should make an informed decision and have an honest conversation with a doctor they trust.” It's unfortunately been around for a long time,” Bragamont said.

How long should I wait after contracting Covid before getting vaccinated?

Bragamonte and Picos recommend waiting three to six months before getting vaccinated with the latest Covid vaccine if you've recently had Covid.

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Getting vaccinated before then is not dangerous, but the idea is to get the most benefit, and most people maintain strong immunity for 3 to 6 months after infection.

“Your body is already in the threshold of the response to COVID,” Begos said, adding that waiting a few months dulls the immune system's memory before the vaccine kicks in again, boosting protection.

The latest vaccine indicates that it can protect against the new JN.1 strain. “We expect Covid to still be around in the winter, so take this as a signal to get out and get vaccinated.”

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