Mufti Derian fears an escalation of war in Lebanon and calls for unity and solidarity

Details of Cameron's plan to “exit the blockade” in Gaza

British Foreign Secretary Lord David Cameron announced that London was considering recognizing a Palestinian state and urging allies to recognize it at the United Nations.

During his speech before the Governors' Council for the Middle East in London, Cameron said the Palestinians needed to be given a political horizon to promote peace in the Middle East, noting that a “new Palestinian Authority led by technocrats” should take over. Gaza Strip. Cameron, who began his fourth tour of the Middle East since taking office last November, insisted that “a possible path is opening” and that progress in finding a political solution would “mean years of peace rather than months”. “

Against the backdrop of the British minister's positions and the changes it brought to London's foreign policy on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict file, diplomatic sources revealed details of the British vision for resolving the conflict to Asharq Al-Awsad. A set of steps starting with a ceasefire in Gaza and ending with the establishment of a government.

Sources familiar with the progress of negotiations between Britain and international and regional parties on arrangements aimed at managing the post-war phase in Gaza said Cameron had recently made a series of serious diplomatic moves and contacts with many of the parties involved. Take visions based on multiple steps, including ending the fighting in Gaza. And begin bringing more humanitarian aid to respond to the dire conditions in the Gaza Strip, and begin a series of hostage-taking and prisoner exchanges, political arrangements that lead to “radical changes” on the Palestinian and Israeli sides, paving the way for the beginning of the reconstruction of Gaza and the establishment of a Palestinian state on the borders. .in 1967, and its recognition by international parties, including the United Nations.

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British Foreign Secretary Lord David Cameron while attending the Davos Forum (AFP) this month

Responding to questions from Asharq Al-Awsat, the British Foreign Office reaffirmed Cameron's position that Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza “must be given a political horizon for a credible path leading to a new Palestinian state.” The future…in an irreversible step.” He added that Britain and its partners could help by “affirming commitment to sovereignty and a possible Palestinian state”, stressing the importance of “recognising it, including at the United Nations”.

On Monday, Cameron told the Council of Governors for the Middle East, in front of several Arab diplomats, that the past thirty years had been a “failure story” for Israel because it had failed to provide security for its citizens. Acknowledging this defeat cannot lead to peace and progress.

A new western focus

The developments, public statements or closed-room discussions, reflect a new trend in decision-making circles in London that the war and its “disastrous” consequences offer a “short window” that can be exploited to reach a “sustainable solution to the conflict” that ensures an end to the cycle of violence.

The sources indicated that they had observed a definite change in the British Foreign Office's orientation towards the war in Gaza and preparations for the future phase, as well as clear and open talk about the need to move forward to create “stability”. Political solutions” were always based on the establishment of a Palestinian state and international recognition, unlike earlier approaches, which were always based on a negotiated two-state solution between the Palestinians and the Israelis, representing a significant shift in Western circles. Approaching ways to achieve real solutions to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict following the last round of war.

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Hamas has no role

Regarding the role of the Hamas movement and its possible participation in future political arrangements, the sources indicated that the British side's position was “firm” regarding the movement's refusal to accept any role in governing or participating in the Gaza Strip. During the next phase, any government to manage the affairs of the Palestinians, and the arrangements for the transitional phase will eventually include general elections, which will lead to the creation of a new leadership for the Palestinians. Ballot box.

Migration from Khan Yunis towards the southern Gaza Strip today (AFP).

Britain's humanitarian program in Gaza

Asharq al-Awsad saw a copy of a proposed British document on responding to the difficult humanitarian conditions in the Strip, which identified several obstacles and how to overcome them, calling on Israel to open all crossings with the Gaza Strip to international aid. Allowing supplies to come through convoys and the port of Ashdod, as well as reviving a new land route from Jordan to Gaza, allowed more cargo and aid to flow in.

The draft calls for Israel to restore water and electricity supplies to the Gaza Strip, allow the entry of sufficient fuel to operate critical infrastructure, and grant additional visas to and allow the entry of employees of international organizations. Gaza Strip to monitor aid arrival and distribution.

President Mahmoud Abbas at the Palestine Liberation Organization executive committee meeting in Ramallah (AFP).

The commission is launching a “new phase of the reform programme”.

British communications from several parties indicated that London would manage the situation in the West Bank and Gaza in an interim period by forming a new government to make “real and concrete” reforms to the Palestinian Authority's structures and institutions. Two or three years and paves the way for holding general elections.

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Palestinian Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh on Monday announced a “new phase of a reform plan” that includes “fundamental changes” in several ministries, amid intensifying international calls for the Palestinian Authority to pursue concrete reforms. , government agencies, embassies and judicial, security, administrative and financial bodies.

Chance of success?

The chances of success of London's plans depend on the ability of international parties, particularly Washington and regional mediators, to conclude an agreement to bridge the gap between Israel and Hamas on ceasefire issues, prisoner releases and prisoner exchanges. To continue implementing the humanitarian and political settlement proposals directed by the British Government.

On Sunday, US, Egyptian, Qatari and Israeli officials held a meeting in the French capital, Paris, during which they agreed to a “framework” for a ceasefire deal, as well as a prisoner exchange deal. A door of opportunity to move on to the next steps of establishing a permanent solution.

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